60 years ago, on November 03, 1957 the whole world witnessed something which was not usual. For the first time, a dog journeyed to space. The whole world was astounded with the news. And, that lucky dog was Laika-the first living creature to go into space.
Here’s all you need to know about the journey of this lucky dog-
The whole story started on October 4, 1957, the day when Sputnik 1 was successfully launched. After the success of Sputnik 1, then Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev ordered to send a dog into space within 1 month. As there was not sufficient time, the engineers sealed Laika into a space capsule named Sputnik 2 and made all the arrangements to send her into space. On November 3, Laika made her journey to space.
Fortunately, Laika became the first living creature to go to space. Sputnik 2 was a one-way mission. It was believed and told that Laika would survive a week in the space. She was equipped with plenty of water of food supply. However, she died within seven hours due to panic and exhaustion.
However, this wasn’t the first time a living creature was sent beyond earth’s atmosphere. Before also, Russia has sent dogs out of earth’s atmosphere and has brought them back to earth, unlike Laika. After death, Laika later became a national hero whose journey paved the way for Yuri Gagarin’s successful space mission in 1961. On 12th April 1961, Major Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin became the first human in space and the first person to orbit the Earth.
And not only Russia, Americans have also experimented with living creatures. Like Russia used to send dogs as they were easier to train, but Americans chose monkey to test their studies.
P.S. – Laika also became the first living being to die there!